BMW's vehicle sales in China rose 12 percent in November, positioning the automaker to be the market's top-selling luxury brand this year, passing Audi, which is still trying to recoup sales lost when dealers boycotted the brand.
BMW denied allegations that engine management software shut off a system filtering emissions in some of its diesel cars. A German environmental group alleged that a 3-series diesel wagon emitted amounts of NOx seven times above the legal limit.
Building a working prototype is expensive, so BMW's advanced research teams construct cheaper 'pretertypes' for new innovations to check they're on the right track. Sometimes the reaction can halt an idea on the spot.