Some of Fiat's best cars and trucks came from acquiring other companies.
In 1930, it bought Turin truckmaker SPA and car and truck manufacturer Bianchi of Milan.
During the 1950s, truckmaker OM was purchased. Bankrupt Lancia was acquired in 1969 for a symbolic 1 lire per share.
The same year, Fiat struck a deal with Enzo Ferrari to buy 49 percent of his shares in Ferrari SpA. Fiat also had the option to buy another 2 percent to gain control of the company in case of Enzo's death, which left him free to run his Formula 1 team. Fiat exercised that option when Enzo died 10 years ago.
Small Turin sports carmaker Abarth became part of Fiat in 1971 and in 1986 Fiat won a bidding war against Ford Motor Co. for control over state-owned Alfa Romeo.
In 1993, the Turin carmaker saved Maserati from going down, incorporating it into Ferrari.