Norma AS was founded in the Estonian town of Paldiski in 1891. From the 1950s through to the 1980s it was a leading toy producer in the USSR.
Competition from China killed off the toy business in the 1990s, and Norma's work force was slimmed from 3,500 to fewer than 1,500.
Today, the company is focused largely on seat belt development and manufacture, and also tool making operations.
Norma was reorganized into a people's enterprise in 1991, and then bought out by the management in 1994. In 1996 it was listed on Estonia's Tallinn stock exchange, and in 1997 on the Munich and Frankfurt stock exchanges.
Sales over the past few years have swung according to the vagaries of the Russian market and currency movements. The company made 2.8 million seat belts last year.