MICHIGAN (Bloomberg) -- Toyota Motor Corp., the automaker that recalled more than 8 million vehicles related to sudden acceleration problems, must face class-action lawsuits filed by car owners claiming economic losses, a U.S. judge ruled.
The car owners' lawyers provided sufficient evidence to allow their cases to go forward, U.S. District Judge James V. Selna in Santa Ana, California, said Tuesday, making final a tentative ruling issued Nov. 19. Toyota sought dismissal of the suits, contending the plaintiffs failed to plead specific losses or identify an actual defect.
“It is true that plaintiffs do not generally allege the precise dollar value of their losses, but that level of specificity is not required at the pleadings state,” Selna said in Tuesday's ruling. “The court is convinced that a safety consideration as fundamental as whether a car is able to stop when the brakes are applied is material to consumers.”
The economic-loss lawsuits were combined for pretrial filings and rulings before Selna. The lawsuits claim Toyota drove down the value of vehicles by failing to fix or disclose defects that triggered unintended acceleration. Federal court lawsuits claiming death or injury caused by such episodes are also combined in the Santa Ana court.
In September 2009, Toyota announced a recall of 3.8 million Toyota and Lexus vehicles, saying floor mats might jam accelerator pedals. The company, based in Toyota City, Japan, later recalled vehicles over the pedals themselves.
Plaintiffs' allegations ‘unproven'
“Importantly, this ruling does not address the merits of plaintiffs' allegations and does not consider any evidence,” Celeste Migliore, a Toyota spokeswoman, said Tuesday in an e-mailed statement.
“At this early stage, this analysis by the court requires a basic assumption that the plaintiffs' allegations are true, even though they are unproven,” she said. “The burden is now squarely on plaintiffs' counsel to prove their allegations and Toyota is confident that no such proof exists.”
The lawsuits are “based on a wholly unsubstantiated claim that there is a defect in Toyota's electronic throttle control system that causes unintended acceleration,” Migliore said. “No credible scientific theory or proof has been advanced to support the allegations in their consolidated complaint.”
Selna rejected Toyota's request to dismiss a claim that the company knew of a defect in the vehicles' electronic throttle- control system and concealed it from consumers.
“Plaintiffs have sufficiently alleged that Toyota had exclusive knowledge of material facts not known to plaintiffs and actively concealed those facts,” Selna wrote.
Toyota also had said the consumers couldn't sue for losses on vehicles that hadn't experienced a sudden, unintended acceleration defect.
“The court agrees with plaintiffs that experiencing an SUA defect is not required for standing,” Selna said.
Selna dismissed the consumers' claim of unjust enrichment, finding it wasn't a proper cause of action under California law. He also dismissed some warranty claims, including one alleging that Toyota's advertising created an express warranty.
“We are pleased that the Court found that specific categories of plaintiffs' claims for express warranty based upon alleged design defect, unjust enrichment and revocation of acceptance, as currently pled, should be dismissed,” Migliore said.
Steve W. Berman, co-lead counsel for consumers in the case, said in a statement that he looked forward to moving forward with a case that is very important to Toyota owners.
“We believe, and intend to prove, that Toyota knew the gravity of this issue, and failed to warn consumers, or take action to address the serious problem of unintended acceleration.”