Ford Motor Co. will roll out globally its first 1.0-liter, three-cylinder engine. The unit was developed in England and shown in the B-Max concept at the Geneva auto show in March.
The engine is part of a powertrain push by the automaker that also includes a new eight-speed transmission and an e-CVT, or electronic continuously variable transmission, for use in hybrid vehicles.
The three-cylinder engine will be the automaker's smallest engine ever and will be used in global car lines such as Fiesta and Focus. It will have power output equal to or better than Ford's four-cylinder engines, Derrick Kuzak vice president of global product development, said last week at a briefing in Dearborn, Michigan, where Ford is based.
"Our new 1.0-liter EcoBoost engine will give consumers looking for hybrid-like fuel economy a new, more affordable choice," he said.
Ford has achieved fuel- economy improvement of as much as 20 percent by adding direct- injection technology that feeds precise amounts of gas to cylinders in smaller engines. Ford is targeting similar gains with the three-cylinder engine, Joe Bakaj, vice president of powertrain engineering, told reporters.
The engine will be built at more than one plant, but Ford declined to say which of its plants worldwide could build it.
The engine was developed at Ford's global center for small-capacity engines in Dunton, near London, England, where engineers focused on improving thermal efficiency and reducing friction of the engine's internal moving parts, especially during warm-up when an engine emits higher levels of CO2 and other pollutants.