PSA/Peugeot-Citroen, Fiat S.p.A. and General Motors Co.'s Opel/Vauxhall unit had steep declines in European car sales last month as the region's economy slipped closer toward a recession.
Registrations in November in the EU and EFTA countries dropped 3 percent to 1.07 million vehicles from 1.10 million units a year earlier, industry association ACEA said. Eleven-month sales declined 1.1 percent to 12.6 million registrations.
Four of the region's five biggest markets contracted, with France and Italy leading declines at 7.7 percent and 9.2 percent respectively.
European sales at PSA, the region's second-biggest carmaker, dropped 13 percent, while registrations at Fiat group, including Lancia and Alfa Romeo, declined 12 percent. Opel/Vauxhall saw its sales fall 10.7 percent. Ford's European sales were down 5.5 percent.
Ford of Europe's sales and marketing chief, Roelant de Waard, said consumer confidence has been dampened by the economic turmoil in the region.
"We urge decision makers to move quickly and decisively, even if the actions are painful in the short term, to begin reducing volatility in the markets and rebuilding consumer and market confidence," de Waard said in a statement.
Volkswagen Group, the region's biggest carmaker, bucked the trend with increased group sales of 5.8 percent with the VW and Audi brands posting gains of 13 percent and 9.4 percent respectively while Seat sales fell 15.6 percent and Skoda was down 6.6 percent.
Toyota, Kia gain
Toyota had a 4 percent gain helped by an increase in Lexus sales. Kia was a major winner of the month, with a 33.6 increase in new-car sales. Sales at sister brand Hyundai grew 4.2 percent.
Among premium brands, BMW sales rose by 1 percent while Daimler fell 6.8 percent with the Mercedes-Benz and Smart brands both hit by falling volume.