"The salesman has a complicated job," said Ian Robertson, BMW board member for sales and marketing. "He has to understand product, he has to be trained and he has to understand financial services. And honestly, it has probably gotten a little too broad. One of the things we considered very carefully: Can we break the process up into bite-sized chunks?"
In Europe, the employees wear a white polo shirt that says "BMW Genius." They are paid a salary, not a commission on sales. "He is not in the pressured environment to sell a car," Robertson said. "If the buyer says 'I want to take the next step,' he is handed over to a salesman."
For the pilot in the United States, BMW aims to attract "smart, car-savvy" college students "who want flexible hours to work in our dealerships as a local source of Genius labor," said Miles.
He says students are able to work evening and weekend hours when dealerships are busiest. Existing employees also could be used. For example, Miles said, a vehicle delivery specialist could be trained to be a showroom Genius.
Miles said the specific guidelines have not been set but that every dealership will be required to have a Genius.
Robertson said the program works better when vehicles are custom-ordered, which could be an issue in the United States where far more vehicles are purchased off the lot than in Europe.
In the UK, dealers have found that buyers who use a Genius usually equip their vehicles better, Robertson said. Initially, Robertson said European dealers were concerned with what they saw as an added cost.
"But when they understand it and see what results are possible, it is a minor cost," he said. "We have quite a few companies say: 'I am not going to have only one but three' because they see what is possible and they see their satisfaction ratings going up."
Last year Lexus established delivery and technology specialists at its dealerships -- employees who took over tasks normally assigned to a salesman or service drive adviser.
Lexus adapted a program from one dealer who also was inspired by the Apple Store Genius Bar. John Iacono, a New York dealer who chairs the Lexus National Dealer Advisory Council, says the new position has provided customer service rewards. "We've had customers tell us they would never buy any other brand because of the delivery specialists, because of their patience, professionalism and knowledge of the vehicle," he said.
To get specialists up to speed last year, Lexus hosted training sessions the last four months in nine cities, training 2,400 representatives.
Last year General Motors also took a page from the Genius Bar program by requiring Cadillac dealers to designate two employees as CUE specialists -- one in sales, one in service -- as experts to walk customers through the system known as the Cadillac User Experience, or CUE.
BMW's Genius program is part of an enlarged package of video and audio information at BMW. Miles said the package will include vehicle and feature explanations on the bmwusa.com Web site, on iPad and iPhone applications, and via the BMW Assist button in every vehicle. "The strategy is to make our knowledge about our brand more interesting and more accessible to the consumer," he said.
The videos will be rolled out starting in the third or fourth quarter and will be available on bmwusa.com. They also will be used for dealer Internet training, Miles said.
The iPhone and iPad apps will offer the same information. And a customer using BMW Assist in a vehicle will get the information from a real person. Miles said the feature will likely be available in 2014. "We engineer a lot of things into the car that are difficult to explain, that make us a special brand," he said. "We need to leverage the engineering that goes into the car more effectively so that we are not just selling a car based on price."
Mark Rechtin and Mike Colias contributed to this report