GM's loss in Europe widened to $387 million from a $238 million loss in the third quarter last year. GM said restructuring costs were higher by about $100 million vs. a year ago. A sharp drop in vehicle demand in Russia also weighed on the results.
Chief Financial Officer Chuck Stevens said the company's European business, excluding Russia and restructuring costs, "is actually improving" from better cost controls and improved sales from newly launched products.
Stevens said GM's Opel/Vauxhall brands gained European market share in the quarter. "The Opel brand is starting to improve. Our share is up," he said. "We expect that to continue."
GM has said it will return to a profit in Europe in 2016.
In North America, operating earnings in the quarter rose 12 percent to $2.45 billion
Earnings at GM's international operations, including China, fell about 20 percent to $259 million. However, GM's equity income in China rose 14 percent to $484 million, and the profit margin rose slightly to 9.6 percent.
GM posted a loss of $32 million in South America compared with a profit of $284 million a year ago due to weakness in the region that has dragged down the industry. Stevens said GM remained focused on cutting costs by slashing material expenses, reducing shift work and signing more cost effective labor deals.
Reuters contributed to this report