WASHINGTON -- Six automakers said today they are recalling nearly 2.5 million U.S. vehicles with defective Takata airbag inflators, documents posted with government regulators show.
These recalls include 1.9 million SUVs and trucks from General Motors, along with the recall of 217,000 vehicles from Volkswagen Group, 200,000 from Mercedes-Benz, 92,000 from BMW, 54,000 from Jaguar Land Rover and 5,100 from Daimler Vans USA.
In total, 15 automakers have recalled nearly 16.4 million vehicles in the U.S. since last week stemming from Takata's decision in May to declare another 35 million to 40 million inflators with ammonium nitrate defective by 2019.
Upward of 100 million vehicles worldwide with Takata airbag inflators have been recalled and are linked to 13 deaths and more than 100 injuries because inflators can explode with too much force and spray metal shrapnel into vehicle passenger compartments.
Automakers have acknowledged the inflators were the cause of 11 deaths -- 10 in Honda vehicles and one in a Ford pickup -- while two more deaths in Malaysia remain under investigation.
GM said its new recall includes some 2007-2011 full-size trucks and SUVs for passenger-side airbag inflators. The largest U.S. automaker is recalling the vehicles even though it doesn't believe what it called unique Takata inflators made for GM vehicles pose a safety risk.
GM said it has started a third-party environmental study that will simulate long-term temperature effects to continue assessing inflator aging.
GM declined to answer questions about how many vehicles it has on U.S. roads with ammonium nitrate Takata inflators that it may be forced to recall by 2019.
GM spokesman Tom Wilkinson said today that NHTSA's recall schedule, announced last month, "can be modified based on additional research. The total number of vehicles and potential schedule for recalls will be determined accordingly."
GM also is establishing a part return program to collect and test Takata inflators recovered from GM vehicles.
On Wednesday, a U.S. Senate report said four automakers were continuing to sell some new vehicles with defective Takata airbag inflators that will eventually need to be recalled.
The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said those airbag inflators don't pose an immediate risk to safety until subject to years of exposure to high humidity.