LONDON -- The UK launched a consultation on Monday on changes to insurance rules and motoring regulations as it pursues its plans to allow driverless cars to take to the streets by 2020.
The market for autonomous driving is worth 900 billion pounds ($1.29 trillion) worldwide, according to the government, but needs to overcome legal obstacles including determining who would be responsible in the event of an accident.
Finance minister George Osborne announced plans in March to test vehicles on freeways and said the government would bring forward proposals to remove regulatory barriers to the technology.
On Monday, the UK's business and transport ministries said they aimed to sweep away rules which block driverless cars including those in its Highway Code, a set of rules and information which must be followed by motorists.
"Insurance law will be changed so that, in the future, motorists who have handed control to their 'self-driving' cars can be insured properly," the government said on its website.
"The Highway code and regulations are to be altered so advanced driver-assistance systems that change lanes on the motorway and park the vehicle by remote control can be used safely," it added.
A spokesman said cars with autonomous technology would still need to have a driver present, who could take control of the wheel if needed. The consultation will close in mid-September.
Google is among the firms which want to eventually deploy fully autonomous vehicles without human controls, and major automakers are racing to develop vehicles that can drive themselves at least part of the time.
The UK will also launch a competition for a further 30 million pounds ($39 million) for research and development of innovative connected and autonomous vehicle technologies.