HAMBURG, Germany -- Daimler will scale back investments in plants, equipment and new technology from a peak this year stemming in part from its creation of the EQ electric-car sub-brand, amid a push to maintain profitability.
The automaker “is fighting” to get capital and r&d spending down to 12 billion euros ($13.2 billion) to 13 billion euros next year from 14 billion euros in 2016, CEO Dieter Zetsche told reporters at the Hamburg club of business journalists on Tuesday.
“The range of investments is an extreme challenge,’’ as both electric and conventional vehicle-powering systems will need work in coming years, Zetsche said.
Carmakers’ development spending is surging as the industry faces regulatory pressure to reduce vehicle emissions and delves into advanced technology such as automated driving. Daimler and BMW, its main competitor, are both planning for electric cars to comprise as much as 25 percent of their deliveries in the next decade. Switching well-established production and research setups from conventional autos to battery-powered models is also raising the need to cut costs to ensure future profitability. Daimler’s cars division has a target to keep its return on sales at 10 percent.
Daimler’s Mercedes-Benz nameplate is set to overtake BMW’s namesake brand this year as the world’s biggest luxury-car maker. “The pole position is already within reach” for achieving Daimler’s 2020 target of ranking No. 1 in the premium segment in terms of both profitability and deliveries, Zetsche said. It’s also “well on track” for earnings growth in 2016 after nine-month sales at the Mercedes-Benz Cars division jumped 12 percent, he said.
The Mercedes luxury brand and Daimler’s Smart city-car unit are introducing at least 10 battery-powered cars in coming years, and the development budget includes 1 billion euros in battery technology. Zetsche presented a SUV prototype with the Mercedes EQ badge at the Paris auto show last month to emphasize the company’s commitment to e-cars. The strategy doesn’t mean Daimler will stop working on new engines that use conventional gasoline or diesel fuels more efficiently, the CEO said Tuesday.
“We cannot stop advancing combustion engine technology, even if 25 percent of vehicles sold in 2025 are e-cars, as 75 percent won’t be,” he said. Ever more efficient combustion engines will account for the bulk of carbon-dioxide emission cuts “for a longer period of time,’’ as shown with the new Mercedes E-class sedan’s diesel motor, he said.