BERLIN -- Germany's federal government on Tuesday released 1 billion euros ($1.19 billion) of promised funding to help municipalities tackle diesel pollution but environmentalists doubt the move will help to avert bans of polluting vehicles.
Pressure is growing on Germany to enforce Clean Air limits introduced in the European Union in 2010. Ninety cities, including Munich and Stuttgart, where BMW and Daimler are based, could face penalties for having nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels in excess of the permitted limits, according to the DUH environmental lobby.
Cities waiting for the funding since it was approved in early September plan to invest in digital tools to improve traffic management, replace diesel buses with zero-emission models and promote battery-charging networks.
But the DUH, which has for years been suing local and state authorities in Germany to get them to take steps to improve air quality, dismissed the plans as insufficient.
"Driving bans have become anything but less likely with those decisions," DUH managing director Juergen Resch told Reuters. "The projects planned will not lead to improving air quality greatly in 2018 and probably also not in 2019."
After meeting municipalities and states for a second "diesel summit" in three months on Tuesday, Chancellor Angela Merkel said further programs will be needed in coming years to help fund a strategic shift toward more efficient transportation systems. She gave no details.
Just before the Sept. 24 election, Merkel's government announced it would double funding allocated to curbing excess NO2 levels.
Carmakers Volkswagen, Daimler and BMW pledged in August to overhaul the emissions-control software on 5.3 million diesel cars and said they would contribute about a quarter of the 1 billion euros sum. They have since lowered their pledge to about 170-180 million euros because of foreign rivals' refusal to also make a commitment.
State officials have criticized the German auto industry for opposing hardware changes to make older diesel cars more efficient, and for a lack of zero-emission bus offerings on behalf of manufacturers such as Mercedes-Benz and MAN.
Instead of replacing emissions systems, carmakers are focusing on overhauling engine software in 5.3 million diesel vehicles, a step dismissed as insufficient by environmentalists.
Municipalities said the 1 billion euros will not suffice to finance more long-term structural steps.
"Ultimately we need broad changes in transport policy, it will not be possible to organize this with the 1 billion (euros)," said Gerd Landsberg, head of Germany's association of municipalities (DStGB). "But it would be a signal, also for the courts, that something is happening to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions."
Germany's highest administrative court in Leipzig is expected to rule in February on possible driving bans for diesel cars. It will discuss a ruling by a lower tribunal which said vehicle bans are necessary to help meet EU Clean Air rules.