GENEVA -- Britain’s biggest automakers such as Jaguar Land Rover cautioned Prime Minister Theresa May that their plants would become more expensive and complicated to run if Brexit creates barriers to trade.
Ahead of Britain’s exit from the European Union, car companies are grappling with how they will import millions of components from around the world and then export cars made at British factories to European clients after a Brexit transition ends.
Automakers already have plans on how to handle multiple scenarios including delays at ports which would hit a global business model reliant on the swift movement of components, engines and finished models across borders, executives said.
“We are talking about minutes at the borders and if we are out of the minutes, we have huge disadvantages in terms of inventory, logistics and therefore we have to do all this kind of contingency planning now,” said Jaguar Land Rover CEO Ralf Speth said at the auto show here.
He warned that any divergence in vehicle standards between Britain and the European Union, which are currently the same, would be a “fallback to the Middle Ages.”
While London and Brussels hope to agree a transition deal at an EU summit this month that will maintain the status quo until the end of 2020, companies are already trying to plan for an uncertain long-term future in Britain.
At stake is the future of one of Britain’s few manufacturing success stories since the 1980s: a car industry employing over 800,000 people and generating turnover of 77.5 billion pounds ($110 billion).
Honda and PSA Group are among those considering extra warehousing to hold larger stocks of components to protect their “just-in-time” production from any customs checks which could introduce delays after Brexit.
Honda’s European Government affairs manager, Patrick Keating, said the company was awaiting further detail. “We are monitoring the situation as the negotiations unfold and look forward to receiving additional clarity at the March council,” he said. Keating told lawmakers last year the Japanese automaker would need to trigger its contingency plans this month
BMW’s Mini said the complications of preparing for a loss of unfettered trade were huge. “We don’t know if each truck gets held up. We can build up bigger stocks so that we are more flexible in production. It is a nightmare right now,” said board member Peter Schwarzenbauer.