FRANKFURT -- Volkswagen said it would join China's Apollo autonomous driving consortium, which was founded by Baidu, as it seeks to develop self-driving cars for the world's largest market.
Baidu last year opened the Apollo consortium, which uses an open-source approach, to third parties to accelerate development of autonomous vehicles in the face of stiff competition from Google's Waymo and Tesla.
Volkswagen will gain a seat on the management board of Apollo, the automaker said.
Apollo has brought in more than 130 partners, including BMW, and announced plans to begin testing self-driving cars with Ford by the end of this year.
Volvo said on Thursday it has agreed with Baidu to jointly develop electric cars capable of Level 4 autonomous driving, with the aim of mass producing them for China to serve the robotaxi market.