BERLIN -- Volkswagen Group's deliveries rose 0.9 percent to a record 10.83 million last year, the automaker said on Friday, putting it neck-and-neck with the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance in the race to be the world's biggest automaker.
Rivals Toyota and Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi have not released 2018 registration figures, but the Franco-Japanese alliance sold 10.6 million vehicles in 2017 and racked up sales of 5.54 million in the first half of 2018.
Toyota last month released a forecast for total global sales of 10.55 million vehicles last year but has yet to confirm official numbers.
"If we assume that the 10.8 million sales VW have reported is confirmed, it is very likely to be enough to place Volkswagen Group in the number one spot," said David Oakley, an analyst at LMC Automotive.
That would be the fifth consecutive year Volkswagen Group has held the position, Oakley said, adding it was too early to say whether Toyota or Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi would be in second place, also because registration figures have not yet been published for all markets.
Volkswagen Group's figures include sales of light vehicles and trucks. Measured by passenger cars alone, registrations last year would have accounted for 10.1 million, it said.
"If we looked at passenger cars only, the picture would be roughly similar. Volkswagen Group would still be ahead, although by a wider margin, as it is relatively less reliant on light commercial vehicles than the other two," Oakley said.
Only around 4 percent of Volkswagen Group’s sales were light commercial vehicles in 2018 compared with 12 to 15 percent for Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi and Toyota Group, according to LMC.
If heavy goods vehicles were included in addition to light trucks and passenger cars, Volkswagen would still be ahead and Toyota would be in second place, Oakley said.
Volkswagen said the VW brand delivered 6.24 million vehicles last year, while premium brands Audi and Porsche posted registrations of 1.81 million and 256,000 respectively.
This makes Audi the third biggest selling premium brand behind BMW, which delivered 2.12 million cars and leader Mercedes-Benz, which sold 2.31 million passenger cars.
VW said the ongoing trade dispute with the United States had dampened the business climate in China, its most important market, over the second half of 2018.
Volkswagen's head of sales, Christian Dahlheim, said in a webcast on Friday that he expected demand in China to remain stable in 2019, although the first quarter would be challenging.
Separately, Dahlheim said the German automaker did not foresee a significant financial impact in 2019 from the implementation of the new WLTP emissions standard, which cost the company 1 billion euros ($1.2 billion) in 2018.
VW Group said December deliveries fell 8.4 percent, to 916,200 vehicles, from 999,900 a year earlier.
December group deliveries to China dropped by 13 percent year-on-year, the automaker said, adding deliveries also fell by 5.6 percent in Europe and by 3.4 percent in the United States.