However, this is often more of a psychological barrier rather than a real drawback. The reality is that most car trips are fewer than 30 miles (about 50 km) long, giving drivers ample opportunity to recharge their vehicles once their journeys are over.
A lack of charging points also appears to be something of a myth. In fact, data published by Nissan reveals that there are now more EV charging points in the UK than conventional fuel stations.
One method that further soothes consumer concerns is regenerative braking. Traditional friction brakes convert the kinetic energy from a car's motion into heat, which is then lost. On the other hand, regenerative braking retains this otherwise lost energy so it can be used elsewhere.
When an EV's wheels are turned by electric motors, the motor runs in reverse to slow the vehicle when the brake is pressed, turning it into a generator that produces energy that can then be stored in the battery.
During regenerative braking, this motor turns backward to slow the vehicle.
The energy from the movement of the vehicle causes the motor to run in reverse and energy that would usually be lost through braking is captured.
This extra energy can help to extend the range of the battery cycle, and improve overall battery health.
However, this process is not possible when the battery is already full, and an attempt to add even more energy into the battery could lead to overloading or -- even worse -- the risk of not braking at all.
This is why a backup system must always be employed, in the form of a resistor. The resistor safely discharges unrequired captured energy to support the top braking effect, which can help supply heating to the vehicle's cabin too.
While EVs saw a surge in popularity in 2020, the automotive industry will need to overcome anxieties over EV infrastructure and battery capabilities to encourage long-term growth.
Having the right technology in place in any electric vehicle will help ensure a smooth and safe journey toward greener travel.