Registrations in Spain fell 37 percent in June to 82,651 vehicles in the first full month of sales after the easing of a government-imposed lockdown to combat the spread of coronavirus.
Sales in May had plunged 73 percent. June had two more working days than the same month of 2019.
Sales to private customers declined by 11 percent in June and fleet sales were down 28 percent, while sales to rental companies fell 76 percent, according to industry association ANFAC. Rental sales were hit by a closed border, restrictions on internal travel and a corresponding drop in tourism, ANFAC said.
Raul Morales, communications head of dealer association Faconauto, said the June results were "catastrophic." "If the scrapping plan announced by the government is not put in place quickly, the market will simply stop," he said.
The Spanish government unveiled a 3.75 billion-euro ($4.2 billion) stimulus program in mid-June for the automotive industry. The program should include funds to replace existing cars older than 10 years with newer models and more energy-efficient vehicles.
Electrified vehicles fared much better in June, although at lower sales levels. Registrations of plug-in hybrid cars increased 230 percent to 1,454 units and full-hybrid sales rose 23 percent. Sales of full-electric cars were down 34 percent.
Demand for all alternative fuel vehicles, including full-electric and hybrid models, plus vehicles powered by liquefied petroleum gas and compressed natural gas, increased by 7 percent to give them an 18.1 percent market share, up from 10.7 percent in June 2019.
Sales of gasoline-powered cars declined by 48 percent for a 52.5 percent market share, down 10.9 percentage points from June 2019 but up 2 percentage points from May.
Registrations of diesel-powered vehicles were down 28 percent for a 29.4 percent share, 3.5 percentage points higher than June 2019.
Winners and losers
Some premium brands managed to increase their sales in June. Volvo volume rose by 15 percent, while Land Rover registrations rose 13 percent and Porsche was up 10 percent.
Within the Volkswagen Group, Seat sales slumped 50 percent, while the VW brand fell 29 percent and Skoda registrations were down 28 percent.
Within the PSA Group, Opel sales fell 70 percent and Citroen was down 40 percent, while Peugeot declined by 35 percent.
Renault brand sales were down 41 percent, while sister brand Dacia suffered a 39 percent decline.
Within the Fiat Chrysler Automobiles group, both Fiat and Jeep dropped 48 percent, while Alfa Romeo was down 39 percent.
Ford sales declined 32 percent.
Among premium automakers, Mercedes sales fell 16 percent, Audi were down 22 percent and BMW dropped 31 percent.
Through June, Spanish sales fell 51 percent to 339,853.