Connected and autonomous vehicles bring a lot of benefits to the transportation and mobility spaces.
But broader deployment and adoption of these advanced vehicles could impact the overall energy consumption of these sectors.
A vehicle's level of automation, type of connectivity, class, powertrain type and the type of connected or automated functions it has can all influence its energy consumption, said David Anderson, program manager for energy efficient mobility systems at the U.S. Department of Energy.
Technology adoption, the operating environment and vehicle test procedures all have an impact as well, he said.
A lot of opportunities for reducing energy consumption can come specifically from the light-duty sector, said Chris McCarthy, autonomous vehicle environmental compliance engineer at Ford Motor. This includes optimized vehicle usage, reduction of single-occupancy vehicles, more efficient driving and bolstering transportation accessibility.