SHANGHAI -- In the eastern Chinese city of Yuyao, a group of five face-masked workers at a Geely auto plant stood almost shoulder to shoulder behind a utility vehicle as they conducted paint and other quality checks.
That scene would not have been possible a month ago.
But Reuters visits to six factories, including those operated by Daimler AG's China venture and Japanese chipmaker Renesas Electronics, showed manufacturers in China have begun to ease strict physical distancing rules as the coronavirus outbreak is now contained. China's daily new coronavirus cases have recently dropped to single digits.
The most significant rule to be relaxed -- in line with an easing of guidelines by local governments -- has been the requirement that production line workers stand at least 1 meter (3.3 feet) apart. That rule was put in place by many authorities in February when the outbreak was at its height in China but it was also a rule that auto industry insiders said had hamstrung productivity.
"Workers need to work together to check the quality of the job," Shen Qingguang, safety manager at Geely's Yuyao plant where some 1,000 workers build vehicles for its Lynk & CO marque, told Reuters.
Employees often need to work together on the final assembly line in particular, he added. But where working close together is not deemed necessary, the 1 meter rule still applies and Geely office staff must work 1.5 meters apart.
North America restarts
North American auto plants began reopening this week, introducing temperature monitors for those entering plants, personal protective equipment such as face masks and shields, as well as revamped and deep-cleaned factory floors that emphasize social distancing.
Manufacturers in China are, however, several weeks or in some cases months ahead in terms of reopening, providing a window into how worker practices could evolve. That said, restrictions will vary by country and region.
For Tesla Inc.'s Shanghai plant, workers were required to maintain a distance of 1 meter in February but like many other China plants, that rule has now been eased.
In contrast, Tesla's "Return to Work Playbook" published this month for its Fremont, Calif., factory calls for workers to maintain a distance of 6 feet or about 2 meters, or for barriers to be established where that is not possible.
At Beijing Benz Automotive Co., a Daimler venture with China's BAIC Group, the 1 meter rule has also been relaxed for production line staff and workers wearing face masks could be seen working near each other.
A notice board showed weekly production for one line making E-Class sedans, GLC sport utility vehicles and other models had jumped to more than 4,000 vehicles from 1,100 in early February.
Indeed, Chinese auto production is by and large back on track, climbing 2.3 percent in April from the same month a year earlier to 2.1 million vehicles. Vehicle sales also grew, up 4.4 percent for their first rise in 22 months. Geely said its Yuyao plant had managed to return to full capacity in early March.
But many strict measures are still in place. At all six plants visited by Reuters, face masks are compulsory even though some smaller Chinese cities have begun to relax rules about wearing them. Workers must also have their temperatures checked daily and factories are regularly disinfected.
All of the plants visited said they have not had a case of a coronavirus infection since February.
Those plants included Japan's SMC Corp., which supplies equipment for production lines, Ningbo Joyson Electronic Corp., a maker of electronic and safety gear for cars, and Hongyu Electric, a wire supplier for vehicles.
At Geely's Yuyao plant, rules have also been relaxed for lunch. Previously, workers had to sit on chairs far apart near the production line, all facing one way with their backs to each other.
Now they are allowed back in the cafeteria, with two workers allowed to sit at a table for four, seated diagonally apart. There are no barriers on the table but sitting directly opposite each other or side-by-side is still forbidden. Hongyu Electric has introduced similar rules.
Shen, the Geely safety manager, said staff at the Yuyao plant adjusted to wearing masks and "new normal" work practices quickly.
He said: "Everyone wants to be safe."