Disruption has taken many forms within the European automotive industry over the past two years.
The most dramatic and immediate was endured by suppliers in war-torn Ukraine. Among them was Leoni, which makes wire harnesses at two factories in western Ukraine.
"If rockets are flying around, you don't know where they will land. You have to be able to get your people into a bomb shelter in 15 minutes," Leoni CEO Aldo Kamper told the Automotive News Europe Congress in July.