Ford confirmed it will close a UK engine factory as part of an overhaul of its unprofitable European operations in an $11 billion global restructuring.
The plant in Bridgend, south Wales builds engines for several Ford models in Europe, including the Fiesta and B-Max.
Production of Ford's 1.5-liter gasoline engine will end in February while a contract to supply Jaguar Land Rover finishes in September 2020, the U.S. automaker said on Thursday.
"Changing customer demand and cost disadvantages, plus an absence of additional engine models for Bridgend going forward, make the plant economically unsustainable in the years ahead," Ford Europe President Stuart Rowley said in a statement on Thursday.
The Bridgend plant built about 20 percent of Britain's 2.7 million automotive engines last year.
While Ford reiterated its commitment to other UK plants such as Dagenham and the remainder of an almost 9,000-person British workforce, the planned closure of Bridgend by September 2020 was condemned by labor groups.
"Ford broke promise after promise to the UK," Unite Union General Secretary Len McCluskey said by email. "The company has deliberately run down its UK operations so that now not a single Ford vehicle -- car or van -- is made in the UK."
Britain's biggest trade union vowed to fight the move.
"We will resist this closure with all our might, and call upon the governments at the Welsh Assembly and Westminster to join us to save this plant," McCluskey said.
Ford said it currently expects costs associated with the plant closure to reach $650 million, with approximately $400 million of the charges paid in cash as separation and termination payments for employees.
The remaining non-cash charges of approximately $250 million will include pension expenses and accelerated depreciation and amortization.
Ford said most of the pre-tax special item charges will be recorded this year and most of the cash outflows will occur in 2020.
The UK government will work closely with Ford, trade unions and other stakeholders, a spokesman said on Thursday, following the automaker's announcement.
"The news of their intention and consultation on closing the Bridgend plant will be very worrying for the dedicated workforce," the spokesman said. "Ford has committed to supporting employees throughout the consultation process and beyond, including with redeployment opportunities to other Ford sites in the UK."