Lotus, BMW, Audi and China's BYD had strong gains in October, helping them rise in the ranking of Europe's top-selling brands compared with the same month year.
Lotus's more than 1,000 percent sale surge to 358 propelled it to No. 49 in October from No. 67 during the same month last year. The Eletre, the brand's first SUV, is leading the British automaker's revival.
Audi's 19 percent sales jump to 58,991 made it Europe's No. 3-selling brand for the month, compared with a fourth-place finish last October, according to preliminary figures from market researcher Dataforce.
VW brand was Europe's No. 1-selling brand followed by Toyota at No. 2 last month.
Audi increased sales of the Q4 E-tron 83 percent to 4,389 and boosted sales of the A4 56 percent to 5,903 last month.