The Volkswagen ID3 was Europe's best-selling full-electric car in October in only its second full month of sales.
The Golf-sized hatchback finished ahead of the Renault Zoe, Europe's top-selling EV for most of the year, which was No. 2.
The Hyundai Kona was No. 3.
The Tesla Model 3, which had strong sales earlier this year, dropped out of the EV top 10 in October.
VW's ID3 had sales of 10,315 for the month, ahead of the Zoe at 9,614 and the Hyundai Kona in third place with 5,999 units sold, data from The European Electric Car Report published by analyst Matthias Schmidt showed.
The Zoe remains Europe's best-selling battery-powered car in the first 10 months with sales of 71,521, followed by the Tesla Model 3 at No. 2 with a volume of 56,108, the data showed.
The ID3 was the best-selling car outright in Norway, topping gasoline and diesel cars, for September and October, taking a 19 percent market share in October, data from Bestsellingcarsblog.com shows.
VW's importer in Norway predicted in October that EVs would make up 90 percent of VW sales in Norway for the full year, revising its forecast of 60 percent it made at the start of the year.
The ID3 was also the outright best-selling car in the Netherlands and Ireland in October.
The ID3's success was due to sales to fleets and businesses, which accounted more than half the model's registrations, data from JATO Dynamics market researcher shows. The ID3 was Europe's 29th best-selling car in October, JATO said.
EV sales in Europe have been boosted by generous government-backed incentives and by a push by automakers to hit stringent average CO2 emission reduction targets this year. In Germany customers can get incentives of up to 9,000 euros to buy an EV.